Member Publication: Industrializing an Oil‐Based Economy: Evidence From Iran’s Auto Industry

Please check out the recent publication by OOW member Masoud Movahed. 2020. “Industrializing an Oil-Based Economy: Evidence from Iran’s Auto Industry.” Journal of International Development 32 (7): 1148–70.

Abstract

Two theoretical paradigms namely, the ‘resource curse’ and ‘developmental state’ wouldpredict that industrial development in countries with abundance of capital-intensive natural resourcesand in states with patrimonial tendencies is doomed to failure. Iran’s success in developing adynamic auto industry, which in 2011 became the world’s 12th largest automobile manufacturer with1.6 million vehicles produced per year seems to contradict these perspectives. How was this technicalcapacity created in an oil-based economy—which provides little incentive for industrialization—and, in a country that has been under the United States and international sanctions since 1979Revolution? In this paper, I will expand on the implications of these theoretical traditions to identifythe structural factors that enabled the Iranian state to develop a large automobile sector and relativelydiversify the economy.

Member Publication: Enacting a Rational Actor: Roboadvisors and the Algorithmic Performance of Ideal Types

Please check out the recent publication by OOW member Adam Hayes. 2020. “Enacting a Rational Actor: Roboadvisors and the Algorithmic Performance of Ideal Types.” Economy and Society. Online First.

Abstract

Weber famously invoked ‘ideal types’ as an analytic device with which to measure empirical reality against some hyper-rational fabrication. Case in point: non-professional (lay) investors appear to be the antithesis of rational economic man. They have been cast as less-informed, less-skilled, and less-knowledgeable than professional market practitioners, and with ample evidence that they tend to lose money in the market as a result. This study builds the case that a new class of algorithmic financial advisor, commonly known as ‘roboadvisors’, enacts lay investors as rational market actors. This is achieved through algorithmic devotion to modern portfolio theory (MPT), which the roboadvisors embody, automate and perform, conjuring some version of homo economicus into existence. Through this example, I show how Weberian ideal types and the particular kind of rational action associated with them (e.g. the ideal type investor) become the very empirical reality they were intended to be a foil to – accomplished through the technological articulation of financial models, even in the hands of ordinary individuals.

Call for Proposals: Questions to the 2022 GSS

CALL FOR PROPOSALS TO ADD QUESTIONS TO THE 2022 GSS

The General Social Survey invites proposals to add questions to its 2022 survey. Proposals will be accepted on the basis of scientific quality and scholarly interest; outside funding is not necessary. The deadline for submissions is March 5th, 2021.    Please share this call with others.

https://gss.norc.org/Documents/other/GSS%202022%20Module%20Competition.pdf 

Call for Papers: Sex Work: Erotic Labor in the 21st Century

CALL FOR PAPERS FOR A NEW VOLUME ON THE SEX INDUSTRY
SEX WORK: Erotic Labor in the 21st Century 
Under consideration with NYU Press 

Editors: Bernadette Barton, Barb Brents, and Angela Jones 

In the 21st century, sex work encompasses a wide array of temporary, professional, informal, formal, and entrepreneurial forms of work.  Despite popular media reducing sex work to “prostitution,” commercial sex markets vary widely and include camming, full-service sex workin a range of contexts, (e.g., street-based, brothel work, and escorts), hostessing, phone sex, pornography, pro-dommes, stripping, sugar relationship, and other forms of individual sexual entrepreneurship.  Due to rapidly changing technologies, growing inequalities, and precarious employment, people’s experiences of the sex trades have changed. All this speaks to the need for a holistic, context-based volume to understand today’s varied commercial sex-based services.   

Sex Work is split into two sections—Basics and New Directions—and features the voices of sex workers, sex worker advocates, researchers, experts, and activists.  The Basics section will introduce readers to the key dimensions of the sex industry.  We invite you to submit your writing on the sex industry for consideration for the New Directions section of this volume. Your contribution should be short, readable, and appropriate for a student and lay audience. Submissions can cover any major sector of sex work, including new and emerging forms of individual entrepreneurship such as content production and findoming on social media and other sites. While not a sex work sector, we also welcome submissions on sex trafficking.   

We accept first-person accounts and research that explore a wide range of themes, including but not limited to: immigration/migration, the gig economy, new forms of digital sex work, BDSM, changes related to online pornography, sex trafficking, raunch culture, the rescue industry, faith based interventions in sex work and the national and transnational impact of SESTA/FOSTA and other legislation as well as writing about market organization and commercial sex economies. 

Sex workers often discuss the importance of examining what they colloquially call the “whorearachy,” a stratification system within the sex industry that privileges certain forms of sex work over others.  We seek essays that examine how worker subjectivity and social position in the whorearchy affect consent, risks, access to resources, autonomy, and pleasure.  Finally, we are especially interested in work centering underrepresented groups such as Black, Indigenous, and other people of color; transfeminine, transmasculine, and non-binary people; LGBTQIA+ sex workers; people with disabilities; and workers outside of the US. 

Please submit a 250-500 word abstract and 150-word author biography by 1/15/21 to b.bartonmoreheadstate.edu, barb.brents@unlv.edu, and jonesa@farmingdale.edu. The editors will review abstracts and invite full manuscripts for consideration by 6/15/21.  Full manuscripts should not exceed 5000 words.  An invitation to submit a full manuscript does not guarantee acceptance.  If you have questions, please email any of the editors.   

Job Posting: Postdoc at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies

The Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies (MPIfG) invites applications for postdoctoral researchers in the following project areas / research groups:

– Political Economy of Growth Models (Prof. Dr. Lucio Baccaro)
– Wealth and Social Inequality (Prof. Dr. Jens Beckert)
– Sociology of Public Finances and Debt (Dr. Leon Wansleben)

The MPIfG conducts basic research on the governance of modern societies. It aims to develop an empirically based theory of the social and political foundations of modern economies by investigating the interrelation between social, economic, and political action. Building on the disciplinary traditions of sociology and political science, the Institute’s research program aims to combine and develop the approaches of new economic sociology and comparative and international political economy.

The MPIfG offers two-year contracts based on the Public Service Wage Agreement (TVöD E 13), starting on October 1, 2021. The Institute provides an attractive environment for postdoctoral researchers to pursue their own research projects within the scope of the Institute’s research program.

Successful candidates are chosen on the basis of scholarly excellence, a research proposal outlining a project to be pursued at the MPIfG (up to 3 pages), and a job interview in person or via video conference. Postdoctoral researchers have their own office at the MPIfG. Postdocs must reside in the Cologne area and actively participate in the intellectual life of the Institute.

We look forward to receiving your online application (see button below). It should be submitted in English or German. Applications by email cannot be considered. For further information on the program and on how to apply, please visit https://www.mpifg.de/jobs.

The deadline for applications is January 31. Applicants will be notified whether or not they have been successful in April.

Job Posting: Postdoc at University of Illinois Chicago

The University of Illinois Chicago invites applications for a Sociology Bridge to the Faculty Postdoctoral Research Associate in Race and Health, beginning August 16, 2021.

Program Goals: The Bridge to the Faculty Postdoctoral Research Associate program seeks to advance diversity on the permanent faculty level by encouraging the recruitment, retention, and promotion of outstanding scholars from different backgrounds, with an emphasis on attracting individuals from groups who have been historically underrepresented. The determined goal of this program is to recruit, mentor, and support the transition of outstanding candidates from postdoctoral assignments to research active, tenure track faculty members. UIC strongly encourages applications from individuals who have demonstrated a background and/or record of scholarship that will best support UIC’s diverse student body. UIC is among the nation’s top five most diverse campuses and is designated a Minority Serving Institution (MSI). UIC is located just outside downtown Chicago and is a comprehensive, urban, public, Research 1 university with access to state-of-the-art research facilities. The UIC Sociology department is diverse, engages in public sociology, draws on and exhibits expertise in multiple research methods, and studies the intersection of multiple inequalities.  Information about the Department of Sociology can be found at https://soc.uic.edu/.

Position: Research Areas: The ideal candidate will specialize in the study of health and race. These are critical areas of inquiry for the department as we seek to meet student and research demand. We may also consider those scholars specializing in health without a specific race focus. The successful candidate must have completed a PhD in Sociology or related field within the past five years – no earlier than August 15, 2017 and no later than August 15, 2021. Postdoctoral research associates are expected to teach one course per year and to maintain an active research program. This is a full-time position and includes a competitive salary and benefits package. Subject to satisfactory performance in the first year, applicants can be re-appointed for a second year (with University approval).  Successful post-doctoral associates will then have the opportunity to transition to faculty starting in the 2023-2024 academic year. In addition to mentorship within Sociology, fellows will participate in a cohort-based mentoring experience through the Office of the Vice Provost for Diversity, where they will have the opportunity to meet other Bridge to the Faculty Fellows. The Bridge to the Faculty Fellowship is funded by the Chancellor’s Office, and administered through the Office of the Provost.

To Apply:  For full consideration, candidates should submit the on-line applications with the names and email addresses of 3 references by December 4, 2020. Applicants should submit materials to https://jobs.uic.edu. Applications should include:

1. A cover letter that includes information about how the applicant’s scholarly research agenda focuses on race and health and contributes to core areas of strength in our department as well as a statement on teaching philosophy.  

2. A curriculum vitae. 

3. A statement of commitment to and experiences with advancing diversity, equity, and inclusion in teaching, research, and service. 

4. 2 writing samples, limited to 40 pages or less for each.  

 For further information about the search, please contact the chair of the search committee, Claire Decoteau, at decoteau@uic.edu.

 The University of Illinois at Chicago is an Equal Opportunity, Affirmative Action employer. Minorities, women, veterans and individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply.

 Offers of employment by the University of Illinois may be subject to approval by the University’s Board of Trustees and are made contingent upon the candidate’s successful completion of any criminal background checks and other pre-employment assessments that may be required for the position being offered. Additional information regarding such pre-employment checks and assessments may be provided as applicable during the hiring process.

The University of Illinois System requires candidates selected for hire to disclose any documented finding of sexual misconduct or sexual harassment and to authorize inquiries to current and former employers regarding findings of sexual misconduct or sexual harassment. For more information, visit https://www.hr.uillinois.edu/cms/One.aspx?portalId=4292&pageId=1411899

Member Publication: The Science and Art of Interviewing

Please check out the recent publication by OOW members Kathleen Gerson and Sarah Damaske. 2020. The Science and Art of Interviewing. Oxford University Press.

Here is a short description of the book:

Qualitative interviewing is among the most widely used methods in the social sciences, but it is arguably the least understood. In The Science and Art of Interviewing, Kathleen Gerson and Sarah Damaske offer clear, theoretically informed and empirically rich strategies for conducting interview studies. They present both a rationale and guide to the science-and art-of in-depth interviewing to take readers through all the steps in the research process, from the initial stage of formulating a question to the final one of presenting the results. Gerson and Damaske show readers how to develop a research design for interviewing, decide on and find an appropriate sample, construct a questionnaire, conduct probing interviews, and analyze the data they collect. At each stage, they also provide practical tips about how to address the ever-present, but rarely discussed challenges that qualitative researchers routinely encounter, particularly emphasizing the relationship between conducting well-crafted research and building powerful social theories. With an engaging, accessible style, The Science and Art of Interviewing targets a wide range of audiences, from upper-level undergraduates and graduate methods courses to students embarking on their dissertations to seasoned researchers at all stages of their careers.

You can find more about the book and buy it on the Oxford University Press website—where you can use the promo code ASFLYQ6 for a 30% discount— or on Amazon.

Message from the Chair

By Alexandra Kalev

Dear Section Members,

I hope this message finds you all well, safe and healthy.  This is a trying period in so many ways, but I wanted to share several exciting pieces of information with you about section activities. 

1. Diversity in OOW: Our council is dedicating this year to initiating a journey toward increased diversity in OOW membership, research topics and methodologies. We have established a diversity committee to gather information about the meaning of and barriers to diversity in OOW and possible routes of action. You are likely to receive communication from this committee, announcing initiatives and/or seeking your input over the next couple of months.   

We have also established a mentor program, based on the earlier signup sheet. It is taking off in these very days, as mentors and mentees will be receiving introduction emails (with a special thank you to all those that volunteered to be mentors!). I am also attaching a new signup sheet for those who might have missed the earlier one. We believe mentoring is especially important, perhaps even more so right now, as graduate students and young scholars are more likely to feel isolated and to experience uncertainties regarding teaching, research and the job market. We see mentoring as part of our diversity efforts as well, hoping that it can also help section members from under-represented groups feel more connected to our section and find the section to be professionally nurturing. Please volunteer to become a mentor or sign up if you’d like to have a mentor. Thank you for all those that have done so already! 

2. The ASA online portal will open for submission on November 9, 2020. The deadline to submit is February 3, 2021 at 11:59pm EST. 

If you are an ASA session organizer interested in building/showcasing your session and using  our listserv to do so, please submit your session info to announcements@oowsection.org.

Please submit your papers to one of OOW sessions or roundtables (see below) and/or encourage your colleagues from underrepresented groups, or those that study topics outside the mainstream of OOW, to submit a paper. Open topic sessions will be formed according to the papers submitted.  

Broadening the Conversation about Racism in Organizations, Occupations, and Work 
Organizers: Elizabeth Berman, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Victor Ray, University of Iowa

This panel is seeking papers that broaden the conversation about racism and racialization in organizations, occupations, and work. Submitted papers should touch on organizations, occupations, or work in some way, but may not be primarily grounded in these literatures. This is part of an effort to bring into the section new approaches to thinking about processes of racism in organizations, occupations and work and in OOW research.

Open Topics on Organizations, Occupations, and Work
Organizers:  Elizabeth Berman, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor; Sharla Alegria, University of Toronto; Nicole Denier, University of Alberta; Jiwook Jung, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Victor Ray, University of Iowa.

We welcome submission of all papers related to the topics of organizations, occupations, and/or work  

OOW Roundtables
Organizers: Angelina Grigoryeva, University of Toronto; Argun Saatcioglu, University of Kansas

3. OOW award nomination calls are out. Nominations for our Distinguished Scholar award, Weber Book award, Thompson Graduate Student Paper and Scott Article awards are due on March 31. This is a way to reward, celebrate and give publicity to work that excites you (even if it is your own!). Please nominate yourself or others.

4. Nomination for OOW section leadership. The nomination committee is seeking nominations for 2 new council members, a treasurer and a chair. Our past Chair, Michael Sauder is chairing the nomination committee. Please email him your nominations at michael-sauder@uiowa.edu. Serving on the OOW council is an opportunity to give back and to pave new ways, to meet new people and to be exposed to top notch work. Nominating someone is a flattering gift and can be a way to promote section diversity.

 Thank you for your participation in the section activities!

Job Posting: TT Assistant Professor Position at emlyon Business School

emlyon Business School seeks candidates to fill a tenured-track, assistant professor position, starting in July, 2021, to reinforce its OCE research center. We are seeking highly motivated candidates that demonstrate excellent research and teaching competences with a strong background in the areas of Social Sciences and Humanities, particularly Sociology with a strong interest in topics related to work, occupations and organizations. All applicants should have completed their Ph.D., or be close to complete it.

OCE research center seeks to understand the transformations of contemporary societies, organizations and work through different lenses. Its members conduct research on topics such as social exclusion and social change, social movements, ethics, power and resistance, new forms of work and control, as well as the transformations of social relationships and their implications on individuals’ lives. Members of the research center teach in different programs. Many of them are experienced ethnographers involved in teaching social sciences methods and topics with an attempt to familiarize students with rigorous fieldwork-based research.

Members of the OCE Research Center have published in journals such as Academy of Management Review, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Ethnography, Journal of Management Studies, Organization Science, Organization, Organization Studies, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Business Venturing, Administrative Science Quarterly. They are actively involved in many scholarly associations (EGOS, CMS, AOM …) and also serve in editorial board roles at leading journals. They also publish books regularly.

The School

emlyon business school, one of the leading French Grandes Ecoles in Management, has consistently been ranked among the top European Business Schools. It holds triple accreditation (AACSB, EQUIS, and AMBA) and offers a wide range of programs including an MSc in Management, Specialized Master’s degrees, MBA, PhD, as well as open and tailor-made executive programs. 

emlyon business school has campuses in France (Lyon and Paris), China (Shanghai) Morocco (Casablanca) and India (Bhubaneswar).

Having celebrated its 140th anniversary in 2012, emlyon business school is a dynamic and innovative institution with a 164-strong faculty dedicated to develop excellence both in teaching and research thanks to unique and specific means (learning lab, clusters of excellence…). emlyon’s motto is “early makers”. This concept reflects our vision of the entrepreneur: an individual who tries, experiments, makes mistakes, starts again and learns as they go. An entrepreneur must now combine this dimension of doing and doing quickly with the ability to anticipate, mix and nurture ideas, see things before others and do things quicker than others. The entrepreneur from emlyon business school is a maker and an early mover. He/she is an early maker.

The Environment

emlyon business school is at the center of a vibrant ecosystem of large universities with excellent research teams in engineering, computer science, natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities (see: http://www.onlylyon.com/en/discover-lyon/education.html). Lyon is the second largest city in France, with a long tradition in entrepreneurship and with a strong digital industry. 

Further information

  1. About emlyon business school http://www.em-lyon.com/en/
  2. About Lyon: http://www.lyon-france.com/

Job Requirements

We are looking for candidates who meet the following requirements.

Having a Ph.D. in Social Sciences or Humanities (candidates who are close to completion are also acceptable). A particular interest in the sociology of work and workers, the transformation of work and occupations in the digital era, platform workers, dirty work…will be appreciated.

Demonstrating potential for conducting high quality research and publishing in top social sciences and organization/management journals.

Showing interest and ability in developing courses and teaching at the undergraduate and graduate levels and in mentoring students.

Having a relevant international network.

Being a team player with good communication skills.

Responsibilities for this position include: conducting and publishing academic research and teaching, along with contributing to the service mission of the OCE research center. Teaching opportunities are available at the undergraduate, masters, and executive level. Language of instruction at emlyon Business School is both English and French. Speaking French is preferable but not required; for non-French candidates, support in learning French will be offered.  

The Application Should Consist of

  • A cover letter containing your motivation for the position
  • An up-to-date curriculum vitae
  • A research statement
  • A teaching statement (with teaching evaluations)

To schedule an interview, please prepare to up-load the above documents on the platform and complete the online form on the emlyon website.

Clarification questions can be directed to Prof. David Courpasson