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A new publication from Tania Jenkins that may be of interest to OOW members.

Jenkins, T. M. (2015). ‘It’s time she stopped torturing herself’: Structural constraints to decision-making about life-sustaining treatment by medical trainees. Social Science & Medicine, 132, 132-140. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.03.039

Abstract: This article explores how structural factors associated with the profession and organization of medicine
can constrain internal medicine residents, leading them to sometimes limit or terminate treatment in
end-of-life care in ways that do not always embrace patient autonomy. Specifically, it examines the
opportunities and motivations that explain why residents sometimes arrogate decision-making for
themselves about life-sustaining treatment. Using ethnographic data drawn from over two years at an
American community hospital, I contend that unlike previous studies which aggregate junior and senior
physicians’ perspectives, medical trainees face unique constraints that can lead them to intentionally or
unintentionally overlook patient preferences. This is especially salient in cases where they misunderstand
their patients’ wishes, disagree about what is in their best interest, and/or lack the standing to
pursue alternative ethical approaches to resolving these tensions. The study concludes with recommendations
that take into account the structural underpinnings of arrogance in decision-making about
life-sustaining treatment.

Several recent publications from Robert Perrucci and Carolyn C. Perrucci may be of interest to OOW members.

Robert Perrucci and Carolyn C. Perrucci, “The Good Society: Core Social Values, Social Norms, and Public Policy.” Sociological Forum, V. 29, March, 2014.

Robert Perrucci and Carolyn C. Perrrucci, “Economic Crisis and Its Effects on Hope, Trust, and Caring.” In C. Renzetti and R. K. Bergren, (Eds.) Understanding Diversity,Pearson Publishers, 2015.

Robert Perrucci and Carolyn c. Perrucci, “The Triple Revolution, 1965-2015: Revisiting Institutional Social Problems.” International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, forthcoming October 2015.

NEED FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION BY SOCIOLOGISTS

To my fellow members of the American Sociological Association:

National Science Foundation (NSF) research funding for the social sciences is threatened with a 45% cut in a bill that will be debated on the House floor during the week of May 18.  I urge you to write to your member of Congress before that debate.

You can do this easily right now. Go to the COSSA Action Center to sign up and take action by asking your representative to oppose the America COMPETES Act of 2015 (H.R. 1806).

Read More

A new edited volume on Immigration and Work was recently published by OOW member Jody Angius Vallejo (University of Southern California) in Research in the Sociology of Work. This volume brings together new empirical research and theoretical innovations from cutting-edge scholarship concentrating on the intersection of immigration and work. Research in this volume investigates how larger structural inequalities in sending and receiving nations, immigrant entry policies, group characteristics, and micro level processes, such as discrimination and access to ethnic networks, shapes labor market outcomes, workplace experiences, and patterns of integration among immigrants and their descendants. Read More

Wooten, Melissa E. 2015. In the Face of Inequality: How Black Colleges Adapt. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Description:
A quarter of black Americans earn college degrees from black colleges, yet questions about the necessity of black colleges abound. In the Face of Inequality dissects the ways in which race and racism combined to shape the experiences of America?s black colleges in the mid-twentieth century. In a novel approach to this topic, Melissa E. Wooten combines historical data with a sociological approach. Drawing on extensive quantitative and qualitative historical data, Wooten argues that for much of America?s history, educational and social policy was explicitly designed to limit black colleges? organizational development. As an alternative to questioning the modern day relevance of these schools, Wooten asks readers to consider how race and racism precludes black colleges from acquiring the resources and respect worthy of them.

In the Face of Inequality - Cover

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